Scientists and technologists are pursuing the dream of artificial intelligence like never before. The progress of research is clearly accelerating, and this is leading more and more people, including business leaders and scholars, to become optimistic about the prospects for practical applications of AI. At Microsoft, AI is being infused into almost every product and service, providing tremendous benefits to users. However, creating and deploying such applications of AI require a great deal of specialized expertise and hand-crafted solutions. In this sense, one might say that we are in an era of “artisanal AI.” In this presentation, I will explain more about the artisanal nature of today’s AI applications, and lay out prospects for a more industrialized future.